Afasic is a UK organisation which provides training and support to parents and professionals. Afasic focuses particularly on the needs of children and young adults with speech and language impairments.
A National UK charity concerned with all aspects of augmentative and alternative communication.
A training and support organisation dedicated to childhood communication disabilities.
Reviewed research and guidance at NICE
Caroline Bowen's blog on speech and language therapy
Wikipedia Extract : View Full Article
Specific language impairment (SLI) is diagnosed when a child's language does not develop normally and the difficulties cannot be accounted for by generally slow development, physical abnormality of the speech apparatus, autism spectrum disorder, apraxia, acquired brain damage or hearing loss.
Twin studies have shown that it is under genetic influence. Although language impairment can result from a single-gene mutation, this is unusual. More commonly SLI results from the combined influence of multiple genetic variants, each of which is found in the general population, as well as environmental influences.
Specific language impairment (SLI) is diagnosed when a child has delayed or disordered language development for no apparent reason.
Usually the first indication of SLI is that the child is later than usual in starting to speak and subsequently is delayed in putting words together to form sentences. Spoken language may be immature.
In many children with SLI, understanding of language, or receptive language, is also impaired, though this may not be obvious unless the child is given a formal assessment. Although difficulties with use and understanding of complex sentences are a common feature of SLI, the diagnostic criteria encompass a wide range of problems, and for some children other aspects of language are problematic.
In general, the term SLI is reserved for children whose language difficulties persist into school age, and so it would not be applied to toddlers who are late to start talking, most of whom catch up with their peer group after a late start.