Extensive site with much useful information and guidance for parents of children with Cerebral Palsy. Covers daily living, medical information, education and financial assistance (USA). Definitely an essential site for parents.
HemiHelp is a membership organisation supporting children and young people with hemiplegia, and their families.
Cerebral Palsy info from the NHS
Research and guidance review from NICE
Scope are a large charity focused on Cerebral Palsy and in the UK should be considered the 'first stop' for advice and support.
A US nation-wide network of organisations concerned with inclusion of individuals with Cerebral Palsy. The website hosts information and discussion with a US flavour.
Wikipedia Extract : View Full Article
Cerebral palsy (CP) is a group of permanent movement disorders that appear in early childhood. Signs and symptoms vary among people.
Often, symptoms include poor coordination, stiff muscles, weak muscles and tremors. There may be problems with sensation, vision, hearing, swallowing and speaking. Often, babies with cerebral palsy do not roll over, sit, crawl or walk as early as other children of their age. Other symptoms may include seizures and problems with thinking or reasoning, either of which occurs in about one third of people with CP.
While the symptoms may get more noticeable over the first few years of life, the underlying problems do not worsen over time.
Cerebral palsy is caused by abnormal development or damage to the parts of the brain that control movement, balance and posture. Most often, the problems occur during pregnancy; however, they may also occur during childbirth or shortly after birth. Often, the cause is unknown.
Risk factors include preterm birth, being a twin, certain infections during pregnancy such as toxoplasmosis or rubella, exposure to methylmercury during pregnancy, a difficult delivery and head trauma during the first few years of life, among others. About 2% of cases are believed to be due to an inherited genetic cause.
A number of sub-types are classified based on the specific problems present. For example, those with stiff muscles have spastic cerebral palsy, those with poor coordination have ataxic cerebral palsy and those with writhing movements have athetoid cerebral palsy.
Diagnosis is based on the child's development over time. Blood tests and medical imaging may be used to rule out other possible causes.
CP is partly preventable through immunization of the mother and efforts to prevent head injuries in children such as through improved safety. There is no cure for CP; however, supportive treatments, medications and surgery may help many individuals. This may include physical therapy, occupational therapy and speech therapy.
Medications such as diazepam, baclofen and botulinum toxin may help relax stiff muscles. Surgery may include lengthening muscles and cutting overly active nerves.
Often, external braces and other assistive technology are helpful. Some affected children can achieve near normal adult lives with appropriate treatment.
While alternative medicines are frequently used, there is no evidence to support their use.
Cerebral palsy is the most common movement disorder in children. It occurs in about 2.1 per 1,000 live births.
Cerebral palsy has been documented throughout history, with the first known descriptions occurring in the work of Hippocrates in the 5th century BCE. Extensive study of the condition began in the 19th century by William John Little, after whom spastic diplegia was called "Little disease". William Osler first named it "cerebral palsy" from the German zerebrale Kinderlähmung (cerebral child-paralysis).
A number of potential treatments are being examined, including stem cell therapy. However, more research is required to determine if it is effective and safe.